All four country analysis [Ecuador (2004), Peru (2005), Bolivia (2006), and Central America (2006)] arrived at the same set of underlying causes of poverty.
  • UCP 1: Discrimination based on gender, ethnic origin, and race
  • UCP 2: Poor and poor implementation of public policies
  • UCP 3: Poor participation of citizens in decision making processes
  • UCP 4: An economic model that excludes and not sustainable
  • UCP 5: A private sector that does not take responsibility and that is neither controlled nor regulated